Aperçu des sections


  • S2P - Séminaire Politiques Publiques

    Maison des Sciences Economiques
    106-112 bd de l'Hôpital - 75013 Paris

    Plan d'accès

    • Programme du S2P


      Mardi 13 novembre 2018, 17h-19h, salle 114

      La dette et la monnaie – Les leçons de la crise des dettes souveraines en zone euro

      Xavier Timbeau, OFCE

      Discutant : Jean-Marc Daniel, ESCP

       

      Mardi 20 novembre 2018, 17h-19h, salle 114

      Bones, Bacteria and Break Points:The Heterogeneous Spatial Effects of the Black Death and Long-Run Growth

      Noel Johnson, U. George Mason (en coll. avec Remi Jedwab et Mark Koyama)

      Discutant : Hillel Rapoport, PSE

      Abstract : The Black Death killed about 40% of Europe’s population between 1347-1352. Historical studies suggest that this mortality shock played a major role in shifting Europe onto a path to sustained economic growth. Using a novel dataset that provides information on spatial variation in plague mortality at the city level, as well as a range of controls and various identification strategies based on the spread of the epidemic, we explore the short-run and long-run impact of the Black Death on city growth. We find evidence for aggregate convergence. On average, cities recovered their pre-plague population within two centuries. However, there was considerable heterogeneity in the response to the shock, hence local divergence. The Black Death led to an urban reset: cities with better geographical and non-geographical endowments did relatively well, while other cities collapsed. In particular, our results emphasize the importance of trading networks in explaining urban recovery. Furthermore, the Black Death led to the creation of new cities in areas that were relatively less urbanized before it hit. Our analysis thus suggests that the Black Death may have permanently affected the spatial distribution and aggregate level of economic activity, potentially contributing to long-run growth in Europe.

       

      Mardi 27 Novembre 2018, 17h-19h, salle 114

      La réforme du financement de l’hôpital public

      Lise Rochaix, Hospinnomics - PSE

      Discutante : Sophie Massin, LEM, U. Artois, & CES

       

      Mardi 04 décembre 2018, 17h-19h, salle 114

      Le prix de la démocratie

      Editions Fayard, 2018

      Julia Cagé, Sciences Po Paris

      Discutant : François Facchini, CES

       

      Mardi 15 janvier 2019, 17h-19h, salle 114 

      Autour d’un salaire maximum ?

      Philippe Askenazy, Centre Maurice Halbwachs (CNRS-EHESS-ENS)


      Discussion introduite par Christine Ehrel (CNAM, Paris)



      Mardi 29 janvier 2019, 17h-19h, salle 114

      La crédibilité de la monnaie dans une économie monétaire de production

      Jonathan Massonnet, Haute Ecole de Gestion, Genève (en coll. avec Sergio Rossi, U. Fribourg, et S. Virely, U. Bourgogne)

       

      Mardi 05 février 2019, 17H-19H, salle 114


      Warfare’s ecological footprint: A Synthetic Control (SCM) approach with data from the Falkland Islands (avec S. Panel)


      Antoine Piétri (Ministère de la Défense) (en coll. avec S. Panel)


      Discutant : Lui Moretti (CES, Paris 1)


      Warfare has been found to have detrimental impacts on biodiversity due to its long-lasting economic and social consequences. Yet, much less is known about the amount of biodiversity loss directly resulting from the use of military technology. This paper analyzes the environmental consequences of one of the largest aerial and naval conflict of the late 20st century, namely the 1982 Falklands War. The fact that the conflict was unrelated to environmental issues, did not spill over to neighboring countries, and did not relapse afterwards, allows us to circumvent identification issues that commonly affect comparative studies on the ecological footprint of warfare. As an indicator of the marine ecosystem status, we analyze population trends of king penguins breeding at the Falkland Islands and six other sub-Antarctic colonies over a thirty-year period (1965-1995). We use the Synthetic Control method – a method that was explicitly designed for small-N comparative studies – in order to build ``counterfactual'' Falkland Islands whose characteristics closely resemble those of the Falklands before the war and allows us to approximate the trends of the outcome variable in the absence of the war. We find tentative evidence that the war led to a short-term increase in king penguins’ population growth. However, this effect is offset by a higher rate of breeding failures during the war, resulting in a delayed adult population decrease. We find no evidence of lasting effects. 

      Mardi 12 février 2019, 17h-19h, salle 114

      Territoires en transitions. Construire des partenariats pour des connaissances et des pratiques innovantes

      La librairie des territoires, 2017

      André Torre, INRA, co-directeur de l’ouvrage (avec Frédéric Wallet et Sabine Nguyen Ba)

      Discutante : Patricia Vornetti , CES

      Résumé : Propos d'étape des projets en cours, cet ouvrage a pour ambition de faire le point sur plusieurs débats majeurs qui contribuent aujourd'hui au mouvement de transition sur les territoires ruraux et périurbains, en termes de réflexions scientifiques, initiatives locales et inflexions de politiques publiques. Sont ainsi abordés les thèmes du lien rural-urbain, des systèmes alimentaires et forestiers, des circuits et circularités, ainsi que de la transition agroécologique des territoires. Il est aussi l'occasion d'une réflexion sur la manière de construire une recherche en partenariat mobilisant acteurs et chercheurs dans la production commune de connaissances et d'outils pour répondre aux enjeux contemporains de l'agriculture et des espaces ruraux et périurbains.

       

      Mardi 19 février 2019, 17h-19h, salle 114

      Choosing a Public-Spirited Leader. An experimental investigation of political selection

      Jean-Robert Tyran, U. Vienna (en coll. avec T. Markussen)

      Abstract: In this experiment, voters select a leader who can either act in the public interest, i.e. make efficient and equitable policy choices, or act in a corrupt way, i.e. use public funds for private gain. Voters can observe candidates’ pro-social behavior and their score in a cognitive ability test prior to the election, and this fact is known to candidates. Therefore, self-interested candidates have incentives to act in a pro-social manner, i.e. to pretend to be public-spirited leaders. We find that both truly pro-social and egoistic leaders co-exist, but that political selection is ineffective in choosing public-spirited leaders. The main reason is that egoistic candidates strategically pretend to be pro-social to increase their chances of winning the election.

       

      Mardi 26 février 2019, 17h-19h, salle 114


      Raphaël Franck, U. Jerusalem (en coll. avec Theresa Finley et Noel D. Johnson)

      This study exploits the confiscation and auctioning off of Church property that occurred during the French Revolution to assess the role played by transaction costs in delaying the reallocation of property rights in the aftermath of fundamental institutional reform. French districts with a greater proportion of land redistributed during the Revolution experienced higher levels of agricultural productivity in 1841 and 1852 as well as more investment in irrigation and more efficient land use. We trace these increases in productivity to an increase in land inequality associated with the Revolutionary auction process. We also show how the benefits associated with the head-start given to districts with more Church land initially, and thus greater land redistribution by auction during the Revolution, dissipated over the course of the nineteenth century as other districts gradually overcame the transaction costs associated with reallocating the property rights associated with the feudal system.


      Mardi 19 mars 2019, 17h-19h, salle 114


      Elections systems, the beauty premium in politics, and the beauty of dissent

      Heinrich Ursprung (U. Konstanz, Germany) ( en coll. Niklas Potrafke)

      We ask three questions. First do election systems differ in how they translate physical attractiveness of candidates into electoral success? Second, do political parties strategically exploite the "beauty premium" when deciding on which candidates to nominate and third do elected MPs use their beauty premium to reap some independance their party? Using the German election system that combines first past the post election with party list proportional representation our results show that plurality élections provide more scope for translating physical attractiveness into electoral success than proportional representation. Whether political parties strategically use the beauty premium to optimize their electoral objectives is less clear. Physically attractive MPs, however, allow thenselves to dissent more often, i.e. they vote more often against the party line than their less attractive peers.


      Mardi 26 mars 2019, 17h-19h, salle 114


      Autour du livre: Moral disagreements in Business. An exploratory introduction


      Marian Eabrasu, South Champagne Business School

      Introduction de la discussion par Emmanuel Picavet, Université de Paris 1 (France)



      Mardi 09 avril 2019 10H-18H, salle 116


      Les politiques publiques en 300 secondes (présentation des mémoires des étudiants du master Politiques Publiques)



      Mardi 16 avril 2019, 17h-19h, salle 116


      Analyse économique des élections (Paris, Economica, 2017)

      Bruno Jérome (U. Paris 1) (en coll. avec Véronique Jérôme)


      Une fonction de vote pour les élections européennes

      Antoine Auberger (U. Paris 2)






      Maison des Sciences Economiques - 106-112 bd de l'Hôpital - 75013 Paris
      Plan d'accès



      • Contact

        François Facchini - facchini[at]univ-paris1.fr

        Patricia Vornetti - patricia.vornetti[at]univ-paris1.fr